Sustainable Marine Fisheries Development
Sustainable development in the fisheries sector has been attempted over a considerable period of time but a high degree of success has been eluding the developed and developing countries. The main reasons for this are discussed in the present paper. The trends in the production of fish in the Indian Ocean is described with indications of the general status of the exploited stocks and patterns of fisheries development. Examples and consequences of some of the failures are presented as lessons from which others may benefit. Long-term and short-term changes in the marine fauna due to natural changes in the environmental conditions and due to human influences on the aquatic fauna and their environment are also discussed along with some suggestions for the future. Specific issues facing sustainable development of fisheries in developing countries have been discussed in light of the limitations in the applicability of assessment and management approaches from temperate waters.